How history was made, locally and around the world | TheUnion.com
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How history was made, locally and around the world

TIMELINE

1848

Gold discovered in California



1850

California admitted to the Union




Empire Mine opens in Grass Valley

1851

Nevada County established

1856

Nevada City incorporated

Idaho-Maryland Mine opens in Grass Valley

1861

Civil War begins

1864

The Union begins publication

1865

Confederate Army surrenders at Appomatox, Va.

President Abraham Lincoln assassinated

1876

Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone

U.S. Army calvary under the command of Gen. George Custer defeated at the battle of Little Big Horn

1877

Thomas A. Edison invents the phonograph

1879

Edison invents the electric light bulb

1884

“Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain published

1889

Eiffel Tower opens in Paris

1893

Grass Valley becomes a charter city

Henry Ford invents his first automobile

1901

President William McKinley is assassinated

1903

First flight by the Wright brothers

Henry Ford founds Ford Motor Co.

1905

Albert Einstein publishes his “Special Theory of Relativity”

1906

A major earthquake destroys most of San Francisco

1907

The first exhibition of Cubist art opens in Paris

1908

Ford Motor Co. produces the first Model T

1910

The weekend becomes popular in the United States

1912

“The Theory of Psychoanalysis” by Carl Jung is published

Arizona and New Mexico are admitted to the union as the 47th and 48th states

1914

The Panama Canal opens

World War I begins

1917

The Russian Revolution begins

1918

A worldwide influenza epidemic kills 22 million people

World War I ends

1919

Prohibition becomes law in the United States

1920

The League of Nations is established

1922

Insulin is first given to diabetics

Benito Mussolini forms a Fascist government in Italy

1927

Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean

1928

The first scheduled television broadcast takes place in New York City

Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin

1929

The New York Stock Exchange crashes on “Black Friday”

1931

The Empire State Building is completed

1933

President Franklin Roosevelt proposes the “New Deal”

Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany

1933

Roosevelt signs the U.S. Social Security Act

1938

Germany annexes Austria

1939

Germany invades Poland to start World War II

1941

Japan bombs Pearl Harbor and the U.S. enters World War II

1945

The first atom bomb is detonated in New Mexico

Germany and Japan surrender to end World War II

1946

The first fully electronic computer is introduced

Winston Churchill delivers his “Iron Curtain” speech

1948

Gandhi assassinated in India

The nation of Israel comes into existence

1949

The USSR detonates its first atomic bomb

The People’s Republic of China is proclaimed by Mao Tse-tung

1951

The first color television is introduced

1952

The first contraceptive pill is introduced

1953

Lung cancer is linked to cigarette smoking

Soviet dictator Josef Stalin dies

1955

Blacks boycott segregated buses in Montgomery, Ala.

1956

Empire and Idaho-Maryland mines close

1957

USSR launches the first space satellite

1959

Alaska and Hawaii become the 49th and 50th states

1961

Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space

The Berlin Wall is constructed

1962

American astronaut John Glenn orbits Earth

Russians remove missiles from Cuba to end the Cuban missile crisis

1963

President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas

1964

The first section of the Golden Center Freeway opens to traffic

1968

Civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King and Sen. Robert Kennedy are assassinated

1969

American astronaut Neil Armstrong walks on the moon

The Woodstock Music Festival is held

1974

President Richard Nixon resigns from office

1975

The Altair personal computer is introduced

1977

The first “Star Wars” movie debuts

1979

Three Mile Island nuclear meltdown occurs

Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power in Iran

1984

The Macintosh computer, featuring a mouse, is introduced

The AIDS virus is identified

1986

The Chernobyl nuclear reactor meltdown takes place in Russia

1991

A coalition led by the United States launches Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi troops out of Kuwait

1994

Nelson Mandella elected president of South Africa

1998

President William Clinton impeached by Congress

2001

The World Trade Center in New York City is destroyed by terrorists

U.S. troops drive the Taliban from Afghanistan

2003

U.S.-led coalition invades Iraq


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