October Garden Tips from UCCE, Nevada County Master Gardeners | TheUnion.com

October Garden Tips from UCCE, Nevada County Master Gardeners

Starting in October, Nevada County Master Gardeners will offer monthly general gardening tips. Keep in mind that we enjoy a diversity of micro-climates in western Nevada County, so not all garden tasks are the same for the different locations in the county.

It’s a good time to check the fall freeze charts for your area, but in general freeze dates are as follows: Nov. 1-10 for Nevada City, down to Grass Valley; approximately Nov. 10-20 for areas from Grass Valley down to Penn Valley; higher elevations may see freeze warnings as early as mid-October.

Other garden tasks for October include:

— Planting perennial ground covers, native plants, trees and bulbs. Shop early for bulbs and start looking for fruit trees you may want to plant in time for dormant-season planting later in the year.

— For vegetable growers, plant kale, peas, green onions, garlic and other cool-season annuals.

— Winter cover crops such as peas, vetch and lentil can be planted to add nutritional elements to your soil.

— October is a good month for general garden maintenance and clean-up. Remove fruit and leaves from under fruit trees; compost only pest-free plant debris.

— Control weeds by using all the fallen leaves as mulch.

— For ornamentals, old perennials can be cut almost to the ground; work in compost to the soils. Divide and replant perennials that are not doing well.

Reference: University of California Cooperative Extension Nevada County Master Gardeners, Western Nevada County Gardening Guide, 2010.

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