Wanting the Wanamaker: a brief history of the PGA Championship
August 7, 2014
What in the world is a Wanamaker Trophy?
Nearly 100 years ago (1916) a group of golf professionals gathered to develop what is now known as the Professional Golfer's Association of America.
From that meeting also came the concept of a national championship, the opportunity for the country's golf pros to compete and determine who was best. A department store magnate, Rodman Wanamaker, hosted the meeting, provided the trophy and purse ($2,500) for the event. Thus, the Wanamaker Trophy.
Today, the PGA Championship is one of golf's four major tournaments. These "majors" evolved over time to become what they are today, because back when the tour was experiencing birth pangs, "every tournament was a major," golf great Sam Snead would say. Now, there are significantly different benefits to winning one of the big four (the Master's, US Open, British Open, and the PGA Championship).
First, the purse (amount of money paid to the field of players) is larger. Last month's British Open winner walked away with nearly $1,500,000. Not bad for a week's wages. Of course, there are years of preparation for that opportunity.
In addition to big money, the tour awards an exemption from qualifying for future events. Normally, a tour event win will bestow a two year exemption. For the majors, the winner receives a 10-year exemption. This means that for the next 10 years, the champion can play in virtually any tournament of their choosing.
Not only is this an increased probability of income, but if you are a vendor looking for a tour player to endorse your product, how about someone you know will be there for the next ten years.
This year's PGA Championship will be played at Valhalla Golf Club in Louisville, Kentucky. It has been 14 years since Valhalla has hosted a major tournament, however, the Ryder Cup (US vs. Europe) event was held there in 2008. This is a Jack Nicklaus designed golf course which the PGA of America purchased in the year 2000.
An interesting note is the change in tournament format over 50 years ago. Match play was the accepted format for tournament play at that time. Rather than the aggregate stroke play that we see almost every week, pairs of professionals played matches with the winner going on to face a different opponent.
Still enjoyed by millions of amateur players, Match play is decided hole by hole. The player with the lower score on a given hole wins that hole. A tally (net of holes won or lost) for the number of holes won is kept. A match is won when one player leads by a number of holes greater than the number remaining to be played.
This is a fun, entertaining format. Unfortunately, television has greatly reduced the number of match play events. Here is why. Everyone (primarily the golf companies that support the players) wants to see their favorite professional play the game, but in match play the round rarely sees all 18 holes.
Let's say Tiger has a great match play round, he has won six holes and there are only five left to play. Match over. Tiger is happy, but the people who pay him to wear their stuff and the companies who purchase commercial time are not. Exit the match play format.
So, in 1958, the event changed to stroke play (in which the players simply have a total number of strokes). The predictable consistency of completing an entire round makes the vendors and television producers happy, too.
You can enjoy it too, just turn on TNT. Coverage starts at 10 a.m.
It's not too late to enter the Nevada Country Amateur Championship this weekend at the Alta Sierra Country Club and Darkhorse Golf Course. Call the Pro Shop at 530-273-2010 or go online to http://www.altasierracc.com.
John Renslow is general manager and director of golf at Alta Sierra Country Club. Please contact John with your questions or comments at email@example.com.
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