Back to: NewsBriefs
October 12, 2012
Follow NewsBriefs

Club Briefs: American Legion, BPW, Soroptimist


Frank Gallino American legion Auxiliary Unit 130

We will hold a special business meeting at 5 p.m. on Tuesday October 9 at the Veterans Hall in Grass Valley. We will conduct our regular business at 5 followed at 7 p.m. by honoring our special guests of Girls and Boys State representatives who will give us an opportunity to meet them and enjoy the entertaining accounts of their experiences. In past years this has been a real high point of our October meetings. We come away with a real appreciation of the talented and dedicated youth that we sponsor. It gives us hope for the future of America with young people like that! Try not to miss this meeting (both Legion members and Auxiliary members) and show your support next Tuesday evening.

Business and Professional Women of Nevada County

Nevada County is a well-known mecca for high-tech companies that develop products to support the world’s leading media and entertainment companies. Women leaders hold a strong presence in the business of media production, two of whom will be interviewed at the upcoming October 17 Business and Professional Women of Nevada County meeting, in recognition of National Business Women’s Week. Barb DeHart of Telestream and Mondae Hott of Ensemble Designs have set the bar for success in business and will share their professional accomplishments and challenges. Barb DeHart leads the marketing and business development efforts at Telestream. She has been part of Telestream since it began in 1998. Mondae Hott is Ensemble Designs’ director of sales, and has been with the company for most of its existence. Join us on October 17, in the spirit of National Business Women’s week, to call attention to women in the workplace.

Plan now to attend on Wednesday, Oct. 17 at the Holbrooke Hotel Express Room. Networking hour begins at 5:30, dinner at 6 p.m. Cost is $22. Check our website at http://bpwnevadacounty.org, contact Kim Wydra at (530) 432-2591 or by email at kim@deltahl.com for more information.

Soroptimist International of Grass Valley

Have you wondered where the students who used to go to Hennessy School are now?? On October 11, Debbie Plate, Principal of Bell Hill Academy, will explain the new Dual Immersion program and the Global studies program for grades K-4. Many of the former first through third grade Hennessy students are attending this innovative school in the Grass Valley District. Soroptimist International of Grass Valley has had a multi-year collaboration with Ms. Plate and the former Hennessy staff and the club is looking forward to learning more about Bell Hill Academy and future projects. We will meet from 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. at the NC Contractors’ Association at 149 Crown Point Circle in Grass Valley.

Please visit www.sigv.org for more information and find us on Facebook,too.

Bear Yuba Land Trust Treks:  Mountain Bike Trek

Join us for a mountain bike trek on Land Trust trails right in town!  As we take in the fall colors, we’ll ride both the Hirschman and Deer Creek Tribute Trails at a moderate pace (but there will be some climbing) – we’ll go approximately eight miles, with options for additional riding.  Helmets required. The ridge begins at 10 a.m. on Saturday, October 13. Cost: $12 for BYLT Members, $17 for not-yet-members Difficulty level: Moderate For more information call ( 530)272-5994 x 200 or visit www.BearYubaLandTrust.org.

The BAM Project - a Nevada County Tapestry

We are a membership organization for Christian Women who work with a variety of nonprofits annually to raise funds and awareness of the benefits and needs of these organizations. Ten of the members of The BAM Project are on the “Team BAMMER” to raise money for Paint The Town Pink, an annual event that showcases over 40 vendors, a fashion show, silent auction, food and music to benefit advancement of breast cancer care in our community. Paint the Town Pink is from 5:30 to 8:30 p.m. on Thursday, October 25 at The Nevada County Fairgrounds Main Building.

Help the cause by donating to collection “jars” at local businesses, such as A to Z, Party Time, M3 Mall and Tupperware. Today at A to Z (a BAM Member), will be hosting a bake sale from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Stop by and pick up a homemade treat.

The next Gathering for The BAM Project will be held on October 11 at the Holbrooke Hotel. The featured nonprofit is Anew Day, and all women in business are invited to attend.

For more information about The BAM Project, contact Melisa@m3mall.biz or watch a short video on you tube at http://youtube/zzBoBNvbUwo. To start your own team, contact Dawn Narvaez at bow@att.net. The winning team will be showcased on stage at the event.

PFLAG (Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays)

We will hold our monthly meeting at 7 p.m. on Monday, October 8 in Conference Room A at Sutter Auburn Faith Hospital, 11815 Education Street, Auburn.  PFLAG is an advocacy and support group for the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered and Queer) community and their allies.  This month’s featured speaker is Lisa Ford Berry, founder of B.R.A.V.E. (Bullies Really Are Violating Everyone™), an organization that seeks to end the peer abuse plaguing our society and stealing young lives.  Lisa will discuss her work in teaching parents how to get educators to deal with peer abuse in their schools and will talk about her passion for giving children a voice of power.  She will also discuss her new book on bullying.  Lisa lost her youngest son to relentless, homophobic bullying on his 17th birthday. PFLAG meetings are open to the community, and all interested persons are cordially invited to attend.

Health Care for All-CA

“The Healthcare Movie,” comparing Canadian and U.S. health care systems, cuts through the confusion at 6 p.m. on Tuesday, October 30 at the Nevada Theatre. Doors open at 5:30 p.m. Admission is free. The film’s producers will be on hand to answer questions, along with local doctors Roger Hicks and Jeff Kane and Health Care for All-CA’s State Chair Shannon Miller. SummerThyme’s Bakery & Deli will have food available. For more information call Mindy at (530) 273-3033 or email mindy@bagglady.com. Also visit www.healthcaremovie.net to learn more about the film.

Nevada County Republican Women Federated

Assemblymen Dan Logue and Jim Nielsen will speak at the Nevada County Republican Women Federated (NCRWF) luncheon at noon on October 16 at Alta Sierra Country Club. Both are running in the November 6 election to fill the 4th District Senate Seat vacated by State Senator Doug La Malfa who is running for the 1st U.S. Congressional Seat. Logue currently serves in the leadership role of Chief Whip for the Republican Caucus and is Vice Chair of the Health and Elections Committees. He organized the Economic Recovery Group, which meets regularly with business representatives from all sectors of California’s economy. One of Nielsen’s highest priorities is eliminating excessive out of control agencies and government regulations. In the first two years of his State Assembly service, he was part of the Water Conference Committee working to produce a plan to protect water rights for Northern California.

To make a reservation for the October meeting please call (530) 274-0803 by Monday, October 8. NCRWF meetings are held the third Tuesday of the month, September through June, at Alta Sierra Country Club, 11897 Tammy Way, Grass Valley. Social Hour begins at 11:30 a.m. and the meetings begin at noon.

For more information or questions about membership please call (530) 470-8507, email NCRWF at NCRWF@hotmail.com or visit the website at www.nevadacountyrwf.org.

The Nevada County Genealogical Society

We will meet at 6:30 p.m. on Tuesday, October 9 in the Madelyn Helling Library, 980 Helling Way, Nevada City. Our speaker is Mary Ellen Gilbert. She will be speaking on “English Research.” Her maternal grandparents immigrated from England at the beginning of the twentieth century from Stourbridge, Worcestershire, England. Her family history was started by family members in 1916. Her entire family is fascinated by the family history for the past 95 years. Mary Ellen has attended British Genealogical classes for twenty years. The family history has been enhanced by interaction and partnership with members of her English genealogical family , in order to validate all family and personal research. Mary Ellen is now volunteering at the Sacramento Family History Center. She graduated from Brigham Young University and served on an LDS mission for 18 months in Adelaide, South Australia.

For additional information call Melita at (530) 272-8388.

The Palestine-Israel Working Group of Nevada County (PIWG)

We advocate for human rights, equality and justice for all in Palestine and Israel. We meet at 7 p.m. on the second Tuesday of each month at the Peace Center of Nevada County, 216 B Main Street, Nevada City.

The next meeting is Tuesday, October 9. At this meeting we will finalize planning and details for our guest speaker, Skip Schiel, photojournalist and activist who is presenting at 7 p.m. on Friday, Oct. 12 at the Unitarian Universalist Community of the Mountains, 246 S. Church Street, Grass Valley. His topic will be, “The Hydropolitics of Palestine and Israel.” We will also finalize plans for launching the Maia Project, Nevada County Chapter on Oct. 12, with sales of stainless steel water bottles and Palestinian art calendars. PIWG sponsors the Women and Men in Black vigil Thursdays, 5:15 to 6 p.m. on the Broad Street bridge in Nevada City. We vigil to in support of the Women in Black in Israel, who founded the movement in 1988. All who support human rights and justice for all in Palestine and Israel are welcome to join the vigil. Bring a sign or use one of ours.

Grand Father’s Motorcycle Club

We serve a pancake breakfast the first Saturday of each month to raise money for families in need. Breakfast is served from 8:30 to 11:30 a.m. at our clubhouse at 301 S. Railroad St. in Colfax. Cost is $5. The next breakfast is served today a 8:30 a.m. For more information, call Crunch (530) 613-0912.

Gold Country Welcome Club

The annual fall dinner/dance was held September 19 at Pilot Peak. Always great food catered by Antonio, and over 50 guests enjoyed bacon wrapped sirloin, chicken marsala and a veggie polenta. Dancing under the stars to the music of ”The Dream and The Dreamer” ended a perfect evening. The Gold Country Welcome Club is a nonprofit social and philanthropic club that welcomes all those living in our area; new or long-time residents. With over 600 members, there are activities for every taste. From bridge to woodworking; moonlight kayaking, book clubs and more---come check us out!

Fore more information, visit www.NCNugget.com, or contact Suzie Miller, (530) 432-2402, or Pat Miller-Fee, (530) 432-7936.

Penn Valley Toastmasters

“Equate your personality to a household appliance and tell us why.”  That was the fun question President Gale Pylman posed for introductions. The answers gave us many laugh out loud moments. Marjorie Quist was voted Best Speaker for her speech celebrating Pat Johnson, a remarkable woman who fulfilled many leadership roles.  Best Evaluator went to Gale Pylman for noting what worked well and pointing out what did not regarding the speech she evaluated.  Sandie Hewston was voted Best Table Topics speaker. Sandie passionately spoke about her aggravation with people who talk on their cell phones while driving and who act like they own the road. Our word of the day was “imminent.”

Toastmasters is an excellent place to learn how to improve your speaking, listening and leadership skills. We love having guests!  Our meetings inevitably include fun and laughter.  We’re located at 17422-B Penn Valley Drive in the Penn Valley Shopping Center.  Our meeting room is past the Penn Valley Market, under the stairs and across from the laundromat. We meet from 7 to 8:30 p.m. on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month.  

For information call (530) 432-8488.  

Gold Country Community Services Club

Fire in the Kitchen gave a smokin’ performance at our last Friendship Wednesday lunch. It was good to hear so much singing in the audience. Great fun, great value, great food and entertainment! Reservations are highly recommended. Next week homemade barbecue chicken sandwich, spaghetti with meat sauce, chicken enchiladas, beef soft tacos and Fiesta Chicken top the menu, with entertainment on Wednesday.

Gold Country Community Services will be hosting booths at the Penn Valley Fall Festival (Sat. Oct. 6 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m..) as well as at the Nevada City Farmers Market (Thurs. Oct. 11 from 1 to 4 p.m.). Stop by, say hello, and learn about the many ways we help Nevada County residents. Our Home-Delivered Meals Program, classes and activities, our Wood Program to help keep low-income seniors and others warm in winter - are just some of the many services we provide.

For lunch reservations, volunteer opportunities and updates on all our services, phone (530) 273-4961 (weekdays from 9 a.m. tp 4 p.m.). Our reception desk is open from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. You’ll find us in the Nevada City Senior Apartments, 841 Old Tunnel Rd. in the Brunswick area.

For more information, visit www.goldcountrycenter.org.

National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association (NARFE), Grass Valley Chapter #1335

The next meeting of NARFE Chapter 1335 will be on Thursday, October 11, at the LinQ Buffet, 682 Freeman Lane, Grass Valley. Social hour begins at 11:15 a.m. and lunch is planned for noon, followed by the program and business meeting. This month’s program will feature presentations from members of the League of Women Voters of Western Nevada County on the California Statewide Propositions to be voted on in the upcoming November election. The League has studied many of them, and members of the Voter Service Committee of our local LWV group will provide information on the positives and negatives of these propositions. Some have intricacies that are not readily apparent, so come and be informed before you vote!

NARFE works to protect retirement and related benefits for current and retired Federal employees. It also actively supports Alzheimer’s research. All active and retired federal employees and their spouses are eligible to join NARFE and are welcome to attend chapter meetings held the second Thursday each month. The local chapter meetings also serve as an opportunity for retirees to socialize and to hear programs of general interest or of value to members. A benefit of membership is timely updates on policy actions affecting Federal employees and retirees.

Reservations for lunch are not necessary. For more information on the luncheon or program, please call Larry Kinkor, (530) 265-6477. If you are not interested in having lunch but would like to hear our program, the business meeting starts at about 12:30 p.m. with the speaker being the first item on the agenda.

If you would like to attend the meeting but do not have transportation, please call Larry Kinkor at 265-6477.

Sierra Singles Club

Meeting at 1:30 p.m. on Wednesday, October 10 in the Community Center dining room, 841 Old Tunnel Road. After the business meeting, the activity chairman will distribute the calendars and talk about upcoming events. Older singles interested in our weekly group activities are invited to attend.

For information, contact Shirley Corry, (530) 274-3355.

The Sierra Nevada Canoe and Kayak Club (SNCKC)

We are a recreational paddle club that enjoys flat water and slow moving rivers. SNCKC includes people of all age groups and skill levels. Most members are residents of the Nevada County foothills and surrounding areas although there is no residency requirement. Monthly Club meetings are held the fourth Thursday of each month at 6:30 p.m. at the Seamans Lodge, 425-A Nimrod St., Pioneer Park in Nevada City. They provide social, informational, and recreational gatherings associated with the sport of paddling.

For more information, visit MYSNCKC.ORG.

Gold Country Yacht Club

Our first land locked meeting of the off season is scheduled for 6 p.m. on Wed., Oct. 10 at Alta Sierra Pizza Parlor. The Commodore’s bell will ring at 7 p.m. All salts with or without a boat are welcome. For more information, visit GCYC.net or call Melinda at (530) 265-2070.

The Jr. Master Gardeners of The Chicago Park 4-H Club

We held our first meeting on September 20. At this meeting we started the first chapter of the Jr. Master Gardener’s Book. We learned about all the benefits that plant life has on the world. We defined a Monocot leaf, which has only one single vein and Dicot, which has multiple veins and did a community service by making informative posters on the benefits of plants. Our meetings will consist of activities that will show our knowledge as we work toward being certified Jr. Master Gardeners.

For more information, visit www.chicagoparkhornets4h.info.

Early Risers Toastmasters

The October 2 Early Risers Toastmasters meeting was action-packed with prepared presentations, helpful evaluations and impromptu speaking. The outstanding speakers were Drew Speroni (Formal Presentation), Paula Gleicher (Evaluator) and Otto Haueisen (Table Topics). Would you like to improve your speaking, listening and leadership skills? Toastmasters is a great way to practice in a supportive environment. Join us next Tuesday to make new friends, enjoy breakfast and see what the program has to offer. Guests are always invited and never required to speak. Meetings take place at 6:30 a.m. every Tuesday at Trolley Junction Restaurant in Nevada City.

Gold Country Kiwanis

We meets at Kane’s Restaurant from noon to 1 p.m. on Thursdays. Come see what we’re up to. Join us for lunch. Want to put your talents to work supporting the youth of Nevada County? Would you like to “Sponsor a Child?”

For information contact Cal McKitrick at (530) 210-4493.

Healing through Loss and Grief Support Group

Anyone who has experienced emotional loss, be it current or in the past, is welcome.

For information, call (530) 265-3258 or visit www.LossAndGrief.org.

Blue Star Mothers of America

California Chapter 12 of the Blue Star Mothers of America meets at 10 a.m. on the fourth Saturday of the month at Paulette’s Country Kitchen, in Grass Valley. If you are a mother, adoptive mother, step-mother, foster-mother, grandmother, or legal guardian who now have, or have had, children honorably serving in the military, we invite you to join us.

For more information, visit www.sierranevadabsma.org.

The Sierranaders Chorus

We will continue practicing songs for our upcoming Fall Cabaret Show, “Martian Attack.” All men are invited to come sing with us … and starting November, we initiate a FREE learn to sing program, which includes four 90-minute lessons on each Tuesday evening at the DeWitt center in Auburn. Following the class, there will be a chance to sing with this fun group at the Nevada City Victorian Christmas celebration. For information, email Cliff Johnson at cliffj2757@msn.com, or call Roger Perkins at (530) 823-0339.

The Newcomers Club of Nevada County

Newcomers “ is a women’s social club which has various activity groups, i.e., Gardening Clubs, Cooking Clubs, Reading Clubs, Game Clubs (many varieties - Bridge, Mah Jong, etc.). New Members are welcome and do not have to be new residents of Nevada County. To receive information regarding membership, please call (530) 530-478-1114. The October Newcomers Club of Nevada County General Meeting and Luncheon will be at Alta Sierra Country Club on Wednesday, October 26 and will feature one of our favorite events — both SILENT AND LIVE AUCTIONS. Come join the fun. If you wish, you can enhance the activities by dressing up in a Halloween costume. Prizes will be awarded. Bonnie Lawless will be the auctioneer for the live auction. Proceeds from the auction are used to help fund the Newcomers CFP (Christmas Family Project), helping deserving families, especially the children, have a happier holiday season. Doors open at 10 a.m. and the silent auction begins at 10:30 a.m. Lunch will be served at 11:45 a.m. and the Live Auction will begin at 1 p.m. Menu choices include seared center cut pork loin with sun dried cranberry demi glace and house made spicy apple sauce; stuffed turkey roast with house made sweet potato corn bread and kielbasa sausage; or Chef’s Choice vegetarian entree. All choices include Soup du Jour, bread and butter, coffee and tea and chocolate walnut tartlets with chantilly whipped cream for dessert. Luncheon cost is $18 per person.

Reservations must be received by Monday, October 15.

Widowed Persons Association of California #14

The Widowed Persons Association will hold their October monthly meeting at the Moose Lodge in Grass Valley on October 13.

We will have a guest speaker following the luncheon. After the guest speaker we will have our semi-annual White Elephant Sale where someone else’s “junque” will become your treasure for only $1. It is usually a great deal of fun.

A group of us are planning to attend the Barbershop Lasagne Dinner and Concert at the Fairgrounds.

If you are interested in joining us, please call Nickie at (530) 272-2792 or Eileen at (530) 272 2487.

Friends of Hospice

There will be FOH members at tables set in front of markets on October 25 and 26 to collect “Pennies for Hospice” so please consider donating your extra pennies to the FOH collection to benefit Hospice of the Foothills. Ever wonder what happens to all of those “pennies” that are collected by FOH four times a year?

It is quite an operation and worth joining in on. After collection a “count day” is set. Several tables and chairs are set out at the FOH office and the mixed coins are set out in front of the many volunteers who sort the pennies in to piles. These pennies are put into bank bags, piled into red wagons and wheeled out (they are heavy) to a vehicle in the FOH parking lot for the chairman to drive to SPD Market where they have generously allowed FOH to use the coin count machine to count the vast amount of pennies.

This greatly relieves the original hand count operation for FOH. After the machine count the pennies are driven directly to the bank for deposit. The rest of the coins and bills are still a manual operation. The 5, 10 and 25-cent coins are sorted and rolled by value, rolls are counted then noted on bank deposit slips.

The paper bills that we receive are stacked by denomination, counted and noted on deposit slips put into bags are also brought to the bank for deposit. It is wonderful to have volunteer members of Friends of Hospice who are dedicated to this operation.

Under the direction of Judy Nelson, Chairman of the event, it is a work party that is worthwhile and also fun when several volunteers are working together.

This is only one of the many events that are held by FOH each year for the benefit of Hospice of the Foothills. Please consider joining Friends of Hospice to meet with the friendly volunteers who provide the work force of the fund raising activities.

For more information, contact Judy Blue, membership chairman at (530) 432-2330 or the FOH office at (530) 274-5121.

Grass Roots Genealogy Study Group

We meet from 9:30 to 11 a.m. the first and third Tuesday of each month at the Family History Center (entrance at the back of the LDS Church), 615 Hollow Way in Nevada City. Meetings are open to anyone interested in genealogy research.

The building is wheelchair accessible and has ample parking. There are no dues. Topics are posted at www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cagrgg.

For more information, email cstowe@oro.net or call (530) 268-0348.

Nevada County Camera Club

Shutter bugs to advanced photographers, Nevada County Camera Club has something for you. Meetings are the fourth Monday of the month. Visit nevadacountycameraclub.com for exceptions. Visitors are welcome, refreshments are served. Meeting location is the Unity Church,180 Cambridge Ct. in Grass Valley. Maps can be found at nevadacountycameraclub.com. Come join us for a friendly evening get together of like-minded people who enjoy photography!

Vietnam Veterans of America

The local chapter of Vietnam Veterans of America seeks to provide a spirit of camaraderie among a group of veterans who share a common heritage. All veterans of the Vietnam era and their families are welcome to attend chapter meetings. The chapter meets at 6 p.m. on the first Thursday of every month in the Remembrance Room, Grass Valley Veterans Memorial Building, 255 South Auburn Street, Grass Valley.

For information call (530) 265-4878 or visit our website www.vva535.org.

The Grass Valley/Nevada City Chapter of LeTip International

We meet Tuesdays from 7:16 to 8:31 a.m. at Trolley Junction Restaurant at 400 Railroad Avenue in Nevada City. We welcome anyone interested in growing their business! Guests should bring 50 business cards, and be ready to tell us about your business as you learn about ours. Our featured speaker was Ryan Meacher, our financial advisor with Edward Jones. Ryan is a graduate of UCSB and has been with Edward Jones for six years. Ryan is very knowledgeable in all aspects of financial planning. He enjoys working with people and providing solutions in an ever-changing financial landscape. Ryan quizzed us on the state of the financial world, for example we learned that, Monster Beverages beat out Apple and Google for return over the past 10 years.

For more information about Grass Valley/Nevada City LeTip, please call (530) 477-4777.

Duplicate Bridge Club

A physical exercise given is “no pain, no gain.” This applies as well to mental exercise. People who work Suduko skip the easy ones and struggle on the hard ones.

They require more mental exercise but, when completed, provide more accomplishment.

Millions of Americans play party bridge because it is fun; but only a small percentage play duplicate bridge. Yes, it is more challenging but it is more rewarding.

The Duplicate Bridge Club invites you to visit, watch, or play a free game. We have games on Monday and Wednesday mornings from 9:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. and on Tuesday and Friday afternoons from 12:30 to 4 p.m. at the Golden Empire Grange (on La Barr Meadows Rd.)

A slight fee is charged and snacks are free.

On Sunday afternoons at 1 p.m. there is Bridge at the Eskaton Lodge for beginners; everyone is welcome.

For further information, call Bruce Lester at (530) 477-9586.

League of Women Voters

Pros and cons for the 11 state propositions will be presented by members of the League of Women Voters of Western Nevada County at their regular second-Saturday morning meeting on October 13, at Peace Lutheran Church, 828 West Main Street, Grass Valley. Refreshments will be served at 9:30; the program is from 10 a.m. to noon. The League of Women Voters is a nonpartisan political organization encouraging informed and active participation in government. It influences public policy through education and advocacy. It does not support candidates for public office, but often makes recommendations on issues, including state ballot measures. At this meeting, however, the members will be offering only analyses of the prospective effects of the votes on each proposition and the arguments for and against. This is an opportunity not to be missed.

For more information, visit www.LWVWNC.org.

Mothers Prayer Warriors

Our group now meets 4 to 5:30 p.m. Mondays at Twin Cities Church. If you are a mother who has lost a child, you may gain strength and knowledge from our unique Bible study. For information, call Cyndi Fellman at (530) 432-8148.

12-Step spiritual journey writing workshop

Word-A-Live Church is sponsoring a 12-step study and writing workshop for individuals who grew up in less-than-nurturing or chaotic homes. This workshop uses the 12 steps in a Christian context. Located at 10528 Spenceville Road in Penn Valley. The workshop is designed to help restore the spirit and provide a workable formula for confronting the past. It is a model for surrendering one’s life to God. Emphasizes the relationship between the 12 steps and the practice of Christian living.

For information, call Beverly at (530) 210-4651.


Stories you may be interested in

The Union Updated Oct 12, 2012 07:49AM Published Oct 18, 2012 10:28AM Copyright 2012 The Union. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.