California is nearly as dry as it’s ever been. High water marks rim half full reservoirs. Cities are rationing water. Clerics are praying for rain. Ranchers are selling cattle, and farmers are fallowing fields.
Gov. Jerry Brown formally proclaimed a drought Friday, saying California is in the midst of perhaps its worst dry spell in a century. He made the announcement in San Francisco amid increasing pressure from lawmakers, as firefighters battled flare-ups of a Southern California wildfire that chased thousands of people from their homes.
Unless the state gets significant rainfall in the next two months, television sets glowing with wildfires could play like reruns throughout the year.
Reservoir levels in the north and central parts of the state were more depleted than in Southern California, but Brown still asked Los Angeles to do its part to conserve — and gave a nod to the politics of water in the vast state.
“The drought accentuates and further displays the conflicts between north and south and between urban and rural parts of the state. So, as governor, I’ll be doing my part to bring people together and working through this.”
Farmers and ranchers in the nation’s No. 1 farm state already are making hard choices to conserve. Some cities are in danger of running out of water. And the first snow survey of the winter found more bare ground than fluffy white stuff — a key barometer of future supply.
Representatives from the Nevada Irrigation District, which serves raw and treated water to more than 30,000 customers, primarily in Nevada County, said the state’s declaration has little to no impact on their operations.
“Quite frankly, the state is in much worse shape than NID,” said board of directors’ member Nick Wilcox.
Nevertheless, NID is on the cusp of proclaiming its own drought proclamation that would have serious impacts in water users throughout the region.
“If we get the same weather patterns, it’s very likely we will call a stage five drought cutback,” Wilcox said. “It means raw water could see a 35-50 percent reduction.”
If the declaration proceeds, NID workers must reconfigure more than 7,000 irrigation boxes throughout the district. Treated water users will see conservation measures imposed on them, as well. NID has no way of cutting back deliveries, but it will seek to restructure its price points to incentivize conservation.
“Essentially tier 1 usage would be the same amount in price, but tier 2 will see a significant increase in rates,” Wilcox said.
NID will have to pursue a Proposition 218 mandated process that includes mailing out a notice to customers and hosting a public hearing. If customers wish to stop the temporary price hike, they must garner more than 15,000 protest letters — a threshold opponents failed to meet earlier this month to stop NID from increasing water rates by 6 percent in each of the next five years.
Nevada County is not the only place feeling the hurt from the persistent dry weather.
“I am a fifth-generation cattle rancher, and it has never been this bad ever in my lifetime — and from my family’s history, it’s never been anywhere close to this bad ever,” said Kevin Kester, a 58-year-old Central California rancher. He said his family’s records show the area’s worst drought previously was in the 1890s.
Kester’s ranch normally gets 20 inches of rain between October and April. It’s gotten about a half-inch of precipitation since late fall. His cattle usually graze on lush green hillsides in winter. Now, they’re eating hay instead — a proposition that is too expensive to continue for long.
“I hope it’s something we can tell our great-grandkids about, but right now we’re just trying to figure out how we’re going to survive,” he said.
The drought doesn’t bode well for California’s notorious wildfire season, either.
Previous super-dry years led to catastrophic wildfire seasons in California in 2003 and 2007, said Tom Scott, a natural resources specialist with the University of California system. Fire crews beat back a wildfire southeast of Los Angeles earlier this week, but it was a stark reminder of the dry and dangerous conditions.
“People say that the fire season is starting early, but I guess you could say it never ended,” Scott said. “If you live in the backcountry, come July you probably should be thinking about putting your valuables in storage.”
In California, the governor’s drought declaration will help battle unemployment in the agriculture industry as fields are left fallow.
Nearly 10,000 people lost their jobs during the last drought in 2009, said Karen Ross, California’s agriculture secretary. The drought also increases the burden on food banks in rural and agricultural communities.
The lack of rain also could have long-standing implications for the demand for crops that are almost entirely exclusive to California.
Eighty percent of the world’s almonds, for example, are grown in California, and the Almond Board of California receives 3 cents for every pound sold to build future demand for the nut. With many almond growers having to irrigate their crops three months early, a smaller crop might put a dent in the board’s ability to market almonds as broadly as it has been, said David Phippen, an almond grower who serves on the board.
“There’s huge implications everywhere you look,” he said. “What about five years down the road?”
To contact Staff Writer Matthew Renda, email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 530-477-4239.
“If we get the same weather patterns, it’s very likely we will call a stage five drought cutback. It means raw water could see a 35-50 percent reduction.”
NID Director Nick Wilcox