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July 18, 2013
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How much food should I feed my dog and how frequently?

That depends on a number of factors.

First it depends on what the calorie needs are of the dog (energy level, weight and age).

Next, it depends on the calorie density of the food — the amount of energy per bite can vary a lot by brand (the more expensive are often more dense).

If you start with the guidelines on the food bag, it can be a good starting point — but each pet, just like us, has a different calorie need in order to maintain their health and weight.

What foods are toxic to my dog?

Most people know about chocolate, but did you know that grapes can also be toxic?

The list of foods are as diverse as curious.

Chocolate, grapes or raisins, macadamia nuts, coffee and chewing gum (xylitol) are all food items that can cause serious disease or even death.

Additionally, feeding our dogs human food can lead to intestinal upset or pancreatitis.

As a general rule, dog food and water are your best option for feeding your dog.

Are vitamin supplements necessary?

As a general rule, no. Most quality pet foods have all the vitamins and minerals your pet needs, and do not need to be supplemented.

There is a lot of discussion about the absorption of vitamin supplements in people, and the same applies to our pets.

Grass Valley Veterinary Hospital’s Mace Dekker, DVM, will answer questions regarding pets each month in the Vet Tips. Have a question? Submit it to, attention Dr. Dekker.

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The Union Updated Jul 20, 2013 09:07AM Published Jul 18, 2013 11:34PM Copyright 2013 The Union. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.